The risks from the British nuclear industry, particularly Sellafield/THORP, have been identified by the Radiological Protection Institute through the results of its radiation monitoring programme. The institute monitors the levels of contamination of the Irish Sea and has published the results of a series of reports since 1982. It has found that radioactive contamination decreased with increasing distance from the point of discharge at Sellafield. It has also found that there have been substantial reductions in the levels of contamination in recent years reflecting reductions in discharges from Sellafield. The institute has consistently stated that the radiation exposures arising from Sellafield discharges into the Irish Sea do not give rise to a significant health hazard to the Irish public. It has found that the annual exposure of a heavy consumer of seafood is only a fraction of 1 per cent of the average annual exposure received by a member of the public from all sources of radiation.
However, Sellafield has caused and, with THORP's commissioning, will continue to cause long-lasting radioactive contamination of the Irish Sea. I consider that such radioactive pollution of the Irish Sea is objectionable and should be forestalled and eliminated
Krypton-85 is the principal radionuclide discharged to the atmosphere and the amounts discharged annually will increase with the commissioning of THORP. However, the institute regards Krypton-85 to be of negligible significance from the point of view of health. The institute monitors the level of Krypton-85 in the air at Dublin and has found that the levels are similar to those found in the northern hemisphere.