I propose to take Questions Nos. 111 and 113 together. The Government has been deeply concerned at the recent escalation of tension in the Gulf area. It has been working closely with its European partners so that the Union can exercise all its influence in order to ensure that international order and stability is maintained and calm is restored to the region. I am satisfied that we achieved the highest possible degree of cohesion among our partners during our discussions on the crisis in the Gulf at the informal ministerial meeting which was held at Tralee on 7-8 September. From that discussion certain general principles resulted which form the basis for a strong common policy in relation to Iraq. All EU member states are committed to the maintenance of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all the states in the region, including Iraq, while continuing to support a Kurdish enclave in Northern Iraq, and the continuation of the no-fly zone, which has played a major role in curbing the excesses of the Iraqi regime. The Union is willing to pursue contacts with the neighbouring countries in the region with a view to de-escalating tensions in Northern Iraq. We also agreed on the need to ensure that steps are taken to relieve the suffering of the Iraqi civilian population, and children in particular, through the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 986 which would allow the sale of Iraqi oil to pay for food and medical supplies.