On whether the peace building fund will be specifically targeted, it will be in the general fund. It is an additional funding of €2 million, and it is strongly aligned with emerging priorities in our new international development policy. It will coincide with Ireland's membership of the UN Secretary General's advisory group, of which H.E. Anne Anderson is a member with extensive experience. In that peace-building endeavour, we bring to the table our experience of conflict resolution and peace building. We bring the security of peace that we have in Ireland to an international context, and we have much to offer. This additional funding allows us to come to the table with considerable credibility in our financial commitment and national experience.
On the global partnership for education, GPE, I was delighted to attend the pledging conference for GPE in Dakar a number of months ago, at which Ireland committed an additional €25 million over three years. The Deputy asked specifically about girls in education. Having spoken extensively with the board of the GPE, which coincidentally is meeting in Dublin next week on my invitation, I know that girls' education, rather than being somehow singled out for special attention, pervades all the work it does.
A central tenet of their ambitions worldwide, especially in the countries in which they work, is to ensure that unique focus is placed on getting girls into education, keeping them there and ensuring that when they attend that they receive an exceptional high quality education. I was also very pleased, when I first met with the global partnership for education, GPE, to meet the Nobel prize winner, Malala Yousafzai, who has been a powerful global advocate for girls in education.
On the EU trust funds, the additional €3.5 million is to meet the Taoiseach's political commitment to the trust fund for Africa. As Deputy Crowe observed, it is about addressing the root causes of forced migration. If we are to get to the very bottom of these issues, identify what they are and be credible in attempting to work to resolve them, we must make a significant financial commitment to it. Ireland's total pledge is €15 million and this extra funding, combined with other funds, will mean that we have delivered €8.9 million of that by the end of 2018, and we will pay the balance in 2019 and 2020.
Migration is probably the challenge of our generation. It demands an international response and I am happy to report that Ireland will be in Marrakesh on 10 and 11 December for the UN conference to adopt the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, where we will be represented by the Minister for Justice and Equality, Deputy Flanagan.
The Deputy's final question related to conflict prevention. I will ask my colleague, Mr. de Búrca, to answer.