From the original European Economic Community of six countries formed in 1958, the European Union (EU) has grown into an economic and political union of 28 countries. While it began as a purely economic union, the EU now covers policy areas such as climate, environment, security and justice.
The EU comprises a number of institutions. The European Council decides the EU's broad priorities. The European Parliament is the forum in which directly elected MEPs represent European citizens. National governments appoint members to the European Commission, which promotes the interests of the EU. Governments defend their own country's national interests in the Council of the European Union.
Oireachtas National Parliament Office
The Oireachtas National Parliament Office (NPO) in Brussels represents both Houses of the Oireachtas to the European Commission, Council and Parliament and other EU institutions. The main role of the NPO is to report on EU-related issues of particular interest or importance to the work of the Houses of the Oireachtas and its committees. It also supplies targeted, summary information on European legislation and other matters. A key function of the NPO is to report on any subsidiarity issues arising under the provisions of the Lisbon Treaty.
What's happening in the European Parliament, Commission and Council?
Read the NPO's weekly bulletin to find out what is on the agenda for the European institutions.
Ms Cáit Hayes
Permanent Representative of the Houses of the Oireachtas to the EU
WIE 06 U043, Rue Wiertz 50
+32 2 2842038
+32 47 3190664
The Oireachtas Joint Committee on European Union Affairs plays a key role in informing debate on the EU in Ireland. It considers important EU developments and initiatives affecting Ireland and ensures EU legislation and proposals are properly scrutinised. It also holds the Government to account in Ireland’s relations with Europe.
Ireland joined the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973, after a referendum in which 83% of voters supported the move. Joining the EEC, now the European Union, had a radical impact on Ireland’s development, both economic and social.
COSAC is a Conference of the committees of the national Parliaments of the European Union Member States dealing with the European Union affairs as well as representatives of the European Parliament. COSAC meetings usually take place in the capital of the country holding the Presidency of the Council of the European Union.
The European Parliament has an information office in every member state. The Irish office provides information on the European Parliament and the issues it is considering which are of significance for Ireland. It also provides information on the Irish Members of the European Parliament and their activities.
The European Commission has a network of accessible, local information centres in every member state. The Europe Direct centres in Ireland distribute information and advice about the European Union’s policies. They promote local and regional debate about the European Union and give the public the opportunity to send feedback to the EU institutions.
The Institute of International and European Affairs (IIEA) is an independent think tank on European and international affairs. It provides members with analysis and forecasts of the challenges on the global and EU policy agendas which impact on Ireland. It also provides a forum for corporate networking.