Other Questions. - Official Development Assistance.

Ruairí Quinn

Ceist:

6 Mr. Quinn asked the Minister for Foreign Affairs if he will give a breakdown of ODA received by each recipient country over the past three years; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [22214/99]

Ivor Callely

Ceist:

9 Mr. Callely asked the Minister for Foreign Affairs the allocation for official development assistance in 1999; if he will give a breakdown of this figure; the relevant authorities to which funding is allocated; the projects in this regard; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [25471/99]

Willie Penrose

Ceist:

33 Mr. Penrose asked the Minister for Foreign Affairs when this country will reach the UN target of 0.7% of GNP for overseas development aid; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [25514/99]

Bernard J. Durkan

Ceist:

83 Mr. Durkan asked the Minister for Foreign Affairs the extent, if any, to which he proposes to increase overseas development aid in 2000; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [25771/99]

Bernard J. Durkan

Ceist:

84 Mr. Durkan asked the Minister for Foreign Affairs if he will enhance the bilateral aid programme in 2000; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [25772/99]

I propose to take Questions Nos. 6, 9, 33, 83 and 84 together.

With regard to the request for details of the amounts committed in the past three years to individual countries, all of the information sought and much more is contained in the annual reports of the Irish aid programme, copies of which I will, for ease of reference, have placed in the Library of the House. Information culled from these sources has been collated in tables for each of the three years and is circulated with this reply.

These tables show only the funds which can be specifically linked to the countries concerned. Funds expended through NGOs, fellowships, the European Union, United Nations, other multilateral organisations and various trust funds do not easily lend themselves to geographic breakdown and are not included. Neither are figures included for the expenditure of Agency for Personal Service Overseas – APSO – which produces its own detailed statistics annually. I am arranging for a copy of the agency's annual report for the last year to be placed in the Library of the House.

Official Development Assistance for 1999 is an estimate. All of the components which make up ODA will not be fully known until well into next year. As with the above information, details on ODA for previous years are contained in the annual reports on the Irish development aid programme. The following is our calculation of the breakdown of the 1999 ODA estimate:

£ million

Multilateral Aid:

76.147

Bilateral Aid:

98.742

Administration & Tax Deductibility:

3.425

Total:

178.314

Multilateral aid comprises: payment by the Department of Finance to the International Development Association of the World Bank; payment by the Department of Finance to multilateral debt relief schemes of the World Bank; payment by the Department of the Environment and Local Government to the Global Environment Facility; payment by the Department of Agriculture, Food and Rural Development to the World Food Programme, the Food Aid Convention and the various development schemes of the food and agriculture organisation; payment by the Department of Foreign Affairs to the European Development Fund; payment by the Department of Foreign Affairs to the International Fund for Agricultural Development, various UN agencies and funds and the element of the Irish contribution to the EU budget used for aid purposes.

Bilateral aid comprises: the Bilateral Aid Programme; the Agency for Personal Service Overseas; Emergency Humanitarian Assistance and Programme refugees.

Administration is made up of: the element of the cost of development co-operation division of the Department of Foreign Affairs, which is borne on the other Foreign Affairs vote, Vote 38; the amount either paid over or foregone by the Revenue Commissioners arising from contributions to registered Irish charities working in developing countries.

The issue of the target for IDA was dealt with extensively in my reply to six questions in the House on 2 November. The following is a short reprise of what I said then.

We accept and are committed to reaching the UN target for all donors of 0.7% of GNP. Our efforts to make progress to this target have been complicated by the high growth in GNP in the last few years and the recent switch to a new system of calculating GNP which increases the base figure. Despite this, the Government is pledged to increasing ODA by significant cash amounts year on year and to making credible progress to the UN target and to the interim target we have set of 0.45% of GNP. The three-year agreement on allocations is evidence of the Government's determination on the matter.

1996

Country

Bilateral AidFund

RehabilitationAssistance

EmergencyHumanitarianAssistance

Human RightsDemocratisation

Totals

Afghanistan

160,000

160,000

Albania

52,625

52,625

Angola

169,070

50,000

219,070

Bangladesh

190,824

160,000

1,514

352,338

Bosnia

2,473,741

984,823

100,000

3,558,564

Bulgaria

100,000

100,000

Cambodia

498,383

220,000

50,000

768,383

Chechnya

225,000

225,000

China

67,307

67,307

East Timor

10,000

10,000

El Salvador

30,147

30,147

Eritrea

130,000

130,000

Ethiopia

7,044,915

100,290

7,145,205

Former USSR

80,030

80,030

Ghana

120,065

120,065

Great Lakes

3,878,337

195,197

4,073,534

Infoterra/Sasin

21,422

21,422

Iran

35,000

35,000

Iraq

150,000

150,000

Laos

25,000

25,000

Lebanon

240,045

240,045

Lesotho

4,163,302

12,461

4,175,763

1996

Country

Bilateral AidFund

RehabilitationAssistance

EmergencyHumanitarianAssistance

Human RightsDemocratisation

Totals

Mexico

100,000

100,000

Mozambique

1,151,377

1,151,377

N. Korea

65,000

65,000

Nicaragua

80,000

80,000

Nigeria

71,518

71,518

Palestinian Admin Areas

1,403,846

25,000

1,428,846

Phillippines

(14,732)

(14,732)

Rwanda

467,000

467,000

Somalia

215,000

215,000

Somalia

100,000

100,000

South Africa

1,658,087

43,509

252,355

1,953,951

Sudan

671,373

225,000

896,373

Tajikistan

300,000

300,000

Tanzania

5,038,381

775

5,039,156

Uganda

2,257,207

20,535

5,879

2,283,621

West Africa

663,000

50,000

713,000

Zambia

5,491,893

5,491,893

Zimbabwe

778,461

778,461

Total

$42,859,962

1997

Country

Bilateral AidFund

RehabilitationAssistance

EmergencyHumanitarianAssistance

Human RightsDemocratisation

Totals

Afghanistan

252,858

252,858

Albania

32,424

32,424

Angola

509,654

100,020

20,000

629,674

Asia/Pacific

50,825

50,825

Bangladesh

208,543

208,543

Bosnia

1,127,349

217,015

16,871

1,361,235

Burma

50,000

50,000

Burundi

375,023

375,023

Cambodia

60,582

198,030

25,000

283,612

Chechnya

242,030

18,336

260,366

Con. Ind. States (fmr. USSR)

15,030

15,030

Congo

1,034,515

1,034,515

Czech Rep

10,030

10,030

Dominican Republic

8,960

8,960

East Timor

30,000

30,000

El Salvador

84,404

84,404

Eritrea

5,997

5,997

Ethiopia

9,191,308

240,033

9,431,341

Ghana

200,000

200,000

Guatemala

49,400

49,400

Honduras

77,500

15,000

92,500

Indonesia

25,000

25,000

Infoterra/Sasin

28,575

28,575

Iran

100,000

100,000

Iraq

117,025

117,025

Kenya

187,371

64,000

251,371

Lebanon

40,037

40,037

Lesotho

4,032,490

4,032,490

Liberia

187,000

187,000

Malawi

128,269

20,000

148,269

Mali

50,000

50,000

Mauritania

70,000

70,000

Mexico

50,000

50,000

Mozambique

3,905,798

3,905,798

N. Korea

450,000

450,000

Namibia

100,000

20,000

120,000

Nigeria

26,659

26,659

Palestinian Admin Areas

999,406

30,000

1,029,406

Papua New Guinea

25,000

25,000

Poland

15,030

15,030

1997

Country

Bilateral AidFund

RehabilitationAssistance

EmergencyHumanitarianAssistance

Human RightsDemocratisation

Totals

Rwanda

1,817,171

480,000

70,000

2,367,171

S.E. Asia

27,200

27,200

Senegal

40,000

40,000

Sierra Leone

196,912

196,912

Somalia

245,000

70,000

315,000

South Africa

2,071,335

2,071,335

Sudan

583,727

419,003

1,002,730

Tajikistan

150,000

150,000

Tanzania

6,956,999

300,003

41,900

7,298,902

Uganda

5,358,582

22,362

5,380,944

Vietnam

256,466

256,466

Zambia

6,177,499

6,177,499

Zimbabwe

929,912

929,912

Total:

$51,352,468

1998

Country

Bilateral AidFund

RehabilitationAssistance

EmergencyHumanitarianAssistance

Human RightsDemocratisation

Totals

Afghanistan

157,000

157,000

Albania

17,900

17,900

Angola

252,000

100,000

352,000

Asia/Pacific

50,825

50,825

Bangladesh

297,254

300,000

100,000

697,254

Bosnia

1,328,000

100,015

20,000

1,448,015

Burundi

115,000

753,000

136,080

1,004,080

Cambodia

63,052

95,000

215,000

68,090

441,142

Central America

550,000

3,495

553,495

Chechnya

195,000

195,000

China

125,000

10,598

135,598

Congo

87,845

87,845

Dominican Republic

21,500

21,500

Ethiopia

11,300,693

15,000

11,315,693

Ghana

454

454

Haiti

25,000

25,000

Honduras

20,000

20,000

Horn of Africa

10,000

10,000

India

75,000

50,000

125,000

Indonesia

100,000

100,000

Infoterra/Sasin

5,275

5,275

Iran

121,025

121,025

Iraq

0

Kenya

201,000

31,625

232,625

Kosovo

200,000

200,000

Lebanon

40,025

40,025

Lesotho

4,679,374

4,679,374

Liberia

100,000

100,000

Malawi

0

5,000

5,000

Mali

50,000

50,000

Mozambique

5,145,647

5,145,647

Namibia

5,000

5,000

Nicaragua

17,212

17,212

Nigeria

38,717

38,717

Palestinian Admin Areas

901,475

118,136

1,019,611

Peru

36,141

36,141

Philippines

50,000

20,000

70,000

Romania

2,500

2,500

Russia

100,000

100,000

Rwanda

1,843,388

350,000

2,193,388

Sierra Leone

379,000

15,000

394,000

Somalia

432,000

350,000

782,000

South Africa

2,254,135

2,000

2,256,135

Sri Lanka

50,000

50,000

Sudan

498,062

1,237,025

1,735,087

1998

Country

Bilateral AidFund

RehabilitationAssistance

EmergencyHumanitarianAssistance

Human RightsDemocratisation

Totals

Tanzania

10,121,166

100,000

10,221,166

Thailand

44,000

44,000

Uganda

5,150,060

125,008

5,275,068

Ukraine

3,175

3,175

Zambia

5,862,248

5,862,248

Zimbabwe

860,360

860,360

Total:

IR£58,302,580

Proinsias De Rossa: I thank the Minister for a useful reply in terms of the breakdown of Ireland's contributions and the various routes by which money is channelled at European and world level. Will the Minister of State outline the level of aid she expects for 2000? Will it meet the commitments the Minster for Finance made to her last year when she negotiated for the three year period? Is she concerned, as I am, about the current stance of the EU Council of Ministers on which Ireland is represented? It insists that aid to Kosovo be covered by a cut in aid to developing countries. The European Parliament has rejected this approach while the Council of Ministers is maintaining its position. Does she agree that this will lead to a clash between the two bodies? What position is the Government taking in the Council of Ministers?

I remind Members that ordinary questions are governed by rules of the House and supplementary questions and answers are limited to one minute.

The agreement reached with the Minster for Finance last year covered the years 1999, 2000 and 2001. The total package amounted to £400 million. The figure in 1999 was higher than expected at £178 million. I expect an increase of approximately £26 million next year on that part of the budget administered by my Department.

We will have to increasingly depend on other Departments to be part of our overall reckoned ODA. For example, the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Employment recently entered an agreement to pay $1 million to enable Ireland become a founding member of an organisation connected with the WTO to enable the least developed countries to get advice on the negotiations. Similarly, the Department of Finance will be encouraged by me and others to increasingly contribute to debt relief mechanisms, including the HIPC and other World Bank initiatives, to relieve the burden of debt on the least developed countries. In terms of the budget administered by my Department and the subheads over which I have control, I am satisfied I have sufficient money to deal with our planned management and development of that pro gramme over the next three years. Certainly, I would like more money.

I am aware of the difficulty on aid to Kosovo to which the Deputy referred. The cut in aid is having an unfair impact on the least developed countries. At the last Development Council meeting we were very vocal in expressing our concerns.

Does the Minister of State have an estimate of the number of children who will die next year from easily preventable diseases in this area of the developing world? Will it be ten million? We must be specific if we are to get people to support increases in development aid.

I cannot be specific because child mortality rates have improved, especially in the Third World. At the same time, in some countries many of the gains in development over the past decade are now being reversed by the awful spectre of AIDS, which especially affects babies and children, many of whom die before they reach their fifth birthday. Given this, I am sure the Deputy agrees that we need to continually argue for increases in aid in the international community where, regrettably, there has been a decline in donor generosity by some OECD countries. We are tenth in a list of 21 donors, so in terms of our ODA contributions our performance is respectable. It still needs to improve but, unfortunately, there is donor fatigue and constant advocacy is needed to retain solidarity on the issue of helping the poorest in the world.