Tuesday, 10 February 2004

Ceisteanna (99)

Bernard J. Durkan

Ceist:

171 Mr. Durkan asked the Taoiseach the extent to which imports and exports between this country and low wage economies have developed in the past five years; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [3994/04]

Amharc ar fhreagra

Freagraí scríofa (Ceist ar Taoiseach)

The information requested by the Deputy is set out in the following tables. The analysis provided does not cover all countries. The classification of low, medium and high-income countries used is based on an analysis done by the World Bank,http://www.worldbank.org/depweb/, and refers to the year 1998. In the case of imports, the country of consignment is used which is not necessarily the country of origin of the goods.

€(000)

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Jan-Nov 2003

Income Rank

Consign

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

1. Low

India

48,361

70,569

77,745

98,809

109,730

118,633

107,045

130,737

131,015

140,022

86,673

110,263

Indonesia

12,984

63,921

43,145

54,131

88,173

84,339

79,217

80,757

50,845

83,373

43,803

50,116

Nigeria

78,127

1,910

84,657

3,024

97,293

2,158

126,989

898

137,145

794

109,265

557

Guinea

496

94,554

360

83,711

620

90,645

1,038

104,575

845

83,435

769

52,325

Pakistan

29,418

15,201

41,833

16,456

64,697

21,639

18,984

30,138

18,726

37,121

16,109

26,759

Ghana

11,507

46,725

20,883

26,718

19,072

29,933

20,454

27,339

15,344

29,280

15,854

21,959

Vietnam

8,988

6,785

7,322

12,257

13,363

20,212

15,064

27,967

16,225

26,719

14,746

17,637

Senegal

14,342

91

21,125

74

25,988

205

40,692

146

38,924

66

32,711

149

Ukraine

17,861

2,995

18,820

2,891

30,670

6,201

31,706

4,199

22,414

1,062

19,992

642

Kenya

12,370

13,278

10,219

14,175

13,192

13,038

11,205

12,678

17,225

13,459

9,314

10,438

Bangladesh

2,712

8,068

1,594

12,093

1,201

17,662

3,053

27,267

1,781

29,747

476

23,754

Ivory Coast

8,906

19,942

6,020

13,858

6,491

12,949

7,838

12,453

7,816

6,711

6,240

10,242

Cameroon

7,223

4,768

5,842

5,242

6,982

13,337

7,144

15,473

6,033

9,930

6,016

14,611

Sudan

5,740

18

7,270

711

7,791

1,014

13,750

795

14,102

1,153

18,472

1,152

Cambodia

109

4,391

209

6,493

353

14,152

175

13,973

370

16,219

684

8,921

Zimbabwe

7,483

3,895

7,464

4,258

5,599

3,512

6,733

2,737

3,296

597

2,683

559

Ethiopia

7,037

22

5,038

34

7,438

5

10,358

5

10,121

14

7,749

125

Tanzania

2,382

1,933

4,487

3,767

6,525

599

5,309

3,737

7,904

199

5,991

127

Congo

3,084

286

5,639

314

7,276

369

9,746

239

8,070

703

Yemen

4,268

631

4,919

136

7,093

43

9,624

109

3,930

62

2,703

4

Benin

2,379

239

3,874

1,224

5,589

723

7,451

352

5,271

1

3,336

308

Congo (Dem Rep)

6,247

5

4,772

87

3,206

23

3,405

0

5,056

7,365

Mali

460

166

1,121

731

3,408

205

7,504

227

12,860

9

3,033

0

Sierra Leone

5,117

1,968

3,054

1,121

4,610

781

4,612

1,632

3,758

807

1,298

392

Uganda

6,221

1,534

3,648

475

3,565

135

4,127

415

4,691

123

3,846

55

1. Low Total

300,738

363,609

388,505

362,762

538,288

452,457

550,753

498,978

545,443

481,142

427,198

351,798

Note: Only the top 25 countries (based on sum of imports and exports over the entire time period shown) listed under each income rank.
€(000)

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Jan-Nov 2003

Income Rank

Consign

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

2. Medium

Malaysia

324,268

432,363

824,183

567,979

753,552

595,098

1,140,342

519,167

764,555

461,129

525,705

290,150

China

75,346

238,895

119,022

287,939

166,511

442,999

338,468

684,331

537,644

877,837

503,842

1,273,670

Philippines

288,691

169,129

424,031

197,352

691,787

211,945

769,453

214,387

342,321

215,052

190,189

164,876

Mexico

164,028

30,464

173,373

46,393

254,873

110,941

552,431

212,067

448,566

211,686

487,808

159,991

South Africa

343,617

50,520

369,838

61,579

391,646

117,987

384,975

94,420

274,983

97,593

251,664

127,116

Turkey

176,345

71,797

215,403

84,793

387,020

109,021

310,411

123,275

325,908

163,338

283,463

190,326

Poland

243,425

65,367

254,021

82,181

361,020

101,884

319,093

132,047

282,096

126,399

230,691

124,345

Hungary

93,583

230,595

162,586

213,468

224,356

282,377

169,208

367,190

143,646

119,788

123,287

83,938

Saudi Arabia

287,904

49,582

329,811

8,022

357,156

6,153

388,228

3,796

364,426

28,507

254,504

6,200

Thailand

82,694

164,131

96,574

131,809

141,117

216,006

144,295

300,581

112,104

228,238

133,549

224,427

Czech Republic

135,272

47,277

203,169

68,355

346,546

119,982

258,341

122,892

197,227

156,696

155,548

147,687

Brazil

145,687

30,042

143,561

82,492

206,012

110,071

225,755

107,592

124,772

122,010

129,815

139,167

Russia

245,897

14,040

257,699

12,234

177,634

8,591

240,551

31,809

254,856

31,072

232,376

28,717

Egypt

191,402

7,491

231,763

9,495

243,009

14,739

120,513

30,263

86,290

15,235

50,060

19,685

Morocco

29,613

37,902

61,621

28,832

87,350

36,582

120,711

53,737

112,972

29,887

101,307

25,635

Argentina

47,355

4,792

57,299

16,707

48,801

33,365

57,846

28,887

26,345

44,744

20,637

39,547

Romania

27,554

5,395

27,293

3,558

74,605

19,537

51,454

75,526

55,715

20,565

45,261

17,408

Chile

31,952

9,142

35,852

16,255

36,958

22,439

37,728

27,936

36,260

31,843

39,893

29,591

Costa Rica

13,114

10,001

48,475

20,337

49,616

3,118

118,513

5,783

8,604

30,934

7,137

22,348

Croatia

13,458

19,830

18,423

25,118

33,741

37,956

27,888

27,293

34,712

37,677

32,148

19,052

Lebanon

43,162

3,408

61,797

1,203

64,865

970

44,027

2,194

47,141

3,872

36,016

1,911

Latvia

9,853

13,550

10,768

44,149

16,675

39,913

19,018

28,809

15,986

29,458

18,930

42,772

Slovakia

18,775

11,091

28,366

12,443

47,366

14,621

38,092

12,172

39,753

15,632

33,393

15,127

Estonia

15,554

3,573

9,851

6,062

25,669

16,958

41,338

17,120

31,613

23,465

23,127

35,394

North Korea

97,356

15,259

4,950

24,778

18,885

31,108

15,887

22,671

118

2,452

2

147

2. Medium Total

3,145,905

1,735,636

4,169,729

2,053,533

5,206,770

2,704,361

5,934,566

3,245,945

4,668,613

3,125,109

3,910,352

3,229,227

Only the top 25 countries (based on sum of imports and exports over the entire time period shown) listed under each income rank.
€(000)

1998

1999

2000

2001

2002

Jan-Nov 2003

Income Rank

Consign

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

Exports

Imports

3. High

Great Britain

11,441,274

13,639,435

13,247,558

15,331,573

17,123,851

19,008,683

20,793,808

21,493,713

20,872,604

22,112,632

12,294,708

14,452,299

USA

7,742,611

5,999,612

10,336,842

6,681,824

14,227,805

8,353,195

15,694,396

7,923,385

16,489,871

7,934,581

15,671,332

6,225,360

Germany

8,326,405

2,483,115

8,013,810

2,782,536

9,428,588

3,356,369

11,682,508

3,612,006

6,738,005

3,768,877

6,200,460

3,417,549

France

4,823,791

1,502,867

5,646,394

1,774,611

6,357,411

2,515,974

5,541,568

2,684,814

4,689,655

2,126,737

4,556,617

1,561,965

Belgium

3,439,825

705,515

4,115,540

1,064,865

4,446,178

1,048,263

13,547,368

1,001,863

9,540,307

885,753

Netherlands

3,225,315

1,360,511

4,190,297

1,546,157

4,705,719

2,059,122

4,263,614

2,156,171

3,517,523

2,089,751

3,898,826

1,827,663

Japan

1,486,713

2,200,833

1,958,960

2,033,687

3,122,860

2,128,632

3,261,074

1,481,526

2,628,796

1,350,541

1,903,304

1,405,673

Italy

1,943,085

678,644

2,533,052

808,667

3,319,427

1,191,353

3,311,898

1,199,347

3,599,891

908,100

3,404,969

840,104

Northern Ireland

1,513,032

1,291,628

1,515,098

1,374,708

1,785,984

1,479,755

1,864,520

1,489,040

1,611,059

1,215,207

1,291,646

1,165,513

Switzerland

1,156,249

328,663

1,618,754

345,735

2,033,164

406,056

2,705,698

534,123

3,115,546

555,914

2,444,485

624,038

Spain

1,541,917

430,867

1,842,740

498,030

2,126,907

721,360

2,297,985

612,169

2,240,766

600,990

2,126,318

449,861

Singapore

375,884

2,043,395

482,055

1,717,021

506,354

1,961,097

641,308

1,323,374

738,702

954,106

675,767

939,804

Sweden

1,091,177

354,645

1,096,185

419,608

1,336,973

553,898

1,355,024

446,660

1,201,356

379,942

1,097,978

353,223

Norway

560,382

450,273

595,917

534,222

614,928

1,062,228

587,172

951,702

515,466

804,185

485,057

974,475

South Korea

362,694

490,692

361,107

519,319

1,045,817

774,233

695,906

685,442

638,964

676,484

470,595

533,953

Hong Kong

295,114

490,713

333,283

650,003

617,406

909,091

670,201

716,725

535,273

739,525

635,569

462,201

Denmark

587,728

265,441

614,761

358,026

621,906

670,867

596,605

672,223

545,199

684,567

452,973

770,162

Canada

346,157

369,665

330,385

243,163

394,541

307,486

592,502

435,033

510,158

400,739

443,280

413,329

Belgium & Luxembourg

3,647,641

535,360

Australia

449,106

40,948

578,868

58,688

580,737

71,739

834,838

92,077

626,235

93,448

596,885

88,345

Finland

313,237

256,439

531,382

253,838

416,087

310,729

413,573

299,255

308,945

366,541

270,565

209,568

Austria

326,282

79,499

412,800

106,281

468,029

126,555

414,144

158,845

338,423

218,907

298,681

148,273

Israel

231,073

167,628

284,527

267,594

408,812

309,729

344,553

247,317

240,404

91,685

185,745

79,112

Portugal

233,576

86,548

250,009

91,764

256,903

109,917

309,889

129,116

362,192

134,260

274,031

97,797

Greece

157,701

20,321

240,255

22,580

297,400

51,838

329,061

41,264

330,099

41,700

287,021

38,657

3. High Total

52,178,144

35,567,742

60,454,864

39,125,150

75,913,149

49,504,771

83,648,023

50,433,590

85,942,500

49,251,282

69,507,119

37,964,677

Only the top 25 countries (based on sum of imports and exports over the entire time period shown) listed under each income rank.
Question No. 172 answered orally with Question No. 1.