I propose to take Questions Nos. 318 to 321, inclusive, together.
The 2008 report of the Independent Monitoring Group included 46 recommendations to chart the way ahead in continuing to meet the demands for dignity and equality in the military workplace. The 2008 report highlighted the initiatives undertaken by the Defence Forces in the area of human resource management and workplace culture in the period from 2004. The Report confirmed that the culture of the Defence Force organisation had evolved positively and noted that the recorded number of incidents of unacceptable behaviour was low. Of the 46 recommendations contained in the 2008 Report, 23 have been implemented, with work underway in respect of the majority of the remaining 23. As the implementation of these recommendations requires the concerted and combined effort of both the military and the Department and in some cases ongoing monitoring, the Independent Monitoring Group report is considered monthly by the joint military/civilian Standing Committee on Defence Forces Personnel Policy Issues.
Turning to the specific issues raised in the questions, I am advised that the syllabus for induction training has been revised. Greater emphasis is placed during initial training on ensuring that new entrants understand what is and is not bullying/harassment and inappropriate behaviour. Pre-course orientation for Instructors is included in annual seminars for Cadet School/Brigade Training Centres including the Naval Service and Air Corps and is revised as necessary. Defence Forces Training Establishment Standing Orders are updated where necessary prior to the commencement of a course. Pre-course training for attached instructors must include familiarisation with the revised Standing Orders. Relevant and realistic case studies are included as part of the annual seminar for Cadet School/Brigade Training Centres including the Naval Service and Air Corps. In addition, the role of Unit/Sub-unit Commander in the area of corrective action is included in the revised Junior Command and Staff course.