Wednesday, 13 November 2019

Ceisteanna (89)

Maureen O'Sullivan

Ceist:

89. Deputy Maureen O'Sullivan asked the Minister for Finance the reason large polluters such as the airline sector were not considered for increased carbon related taxation as a means to make carbon taxes more equitable in view of the increase in carbon taxes and related climate change mitigation expenses being levied on many persons and households in budget 2020; and if he will make a statement on the matter. [42280/19]

Amharc ar fhreagra

Freagraí scríofa (Ceist ar Finance)

The overarching legislative framework for the taxation of aviation fuels used in intra EU and international flights is in EU and international laws. EU Directive 2003/96/EC on the taxation of energy products and electricity, commonly known as the Energy Tax Directive, requires Member States to exempt certain fuels used for commercial aviation purposes from excise duty. The scope of this exemption must include jet fuel (which is the most commonly used heavy oil in air navigation) and must encompass such fuel used for intra-Community and international air transport purposes.

A Member State may waive this exemption where it has entered into a bilateral agreement with another Member State to tax fuel for intra-community flights. With regard to fuel for international transport, the scope for a Member State to take a unilateral approach to taxation is limited by international law and a range of bilateral and multilateral agreements that operate under 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation (known as the Chicago Convention).  

I am informed by Revenue that the breakdown of taxes levied on the different types of aviation fuel as provided for under the Finance Act 1999 and Energy Tax Directive are shown in the following table.

Aviation Fuel/Use

Energy Tax Directive

Finance Act 1999

Light oil (aviation gasoline) used for domestic commercial aviation

No mandatory tax exemption, Member States may opt to exempt or partially exempt

Partial relief from MOT, effective rate of €369.42 per 1,000 litres (section 97B Finance Act 1999)

Light oil (aviation gasoline) used for intra-Community/international commercial aviation

No mandatory tax exemption, Member States may opt to exempt or partially exempt

Partial relief from MOT, effective rate of €369.42 per 1,000 litres (section 97B Finance Act 1999)

Light oil (aviation gasoline) used for private pleasure flying

Mandatory taxation

Full MOT rate of €601.69 per 1,000 litres (section 96 Finance Act 1999)

Heavy oil (jet fuel) used for domestic commercial aviation

No mandatory tax exemption, Member States may opt to exempt or partially exempt

Full exemption (section 100(2)(b) Finance Act 1999)

Heavy oil (jet fuel) used for used for intra-Community/international commercial aviation

Mandatory tax exemption, except where bilateral arrangement entered into with another Member State

Full exemption (section 100(2)(b) Finance Act 1999)

Heavy oil (jet fuel) used for private pleasure flying

Mandatory taxation

Full MOT rate of €494.90 per 1,000 litres (section 100(2)(b) Finance Act 1999)

Since 2012, CO2 emissions from the aviation sector have been included in the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and the sector is therefore subject to a carbon pricing mechanism.