I propose to take Questions Nos. 87 and 88 togeher.
In 1998 Ireland has provided emergency assistance totalling £1.4 million to Sudan. This year's assistance is a continuation of our consistent support to the international humanitarian relief effort through the UN and Irish and international NGOs.
During my visit to Sudan in August it was obvious that, in order to avert a famine, a large volume of humanitarian assistance will need to be provided for at least the next 12 months. The Government will continue to exert pressure on the relevant parties to ensure that they will maintain adequate humanitarian access over such time as proves necessary to protect the people of south Sudan. A technical mission from the Department of Foreign Affairs is currently in the region to monitor the impact of resources given so far this year and to plan for 1999.