In primary and post-primary schools recognised by my Department the study of Irish is compulsory however, there are certain limited circumstances whereby an exemption from the study of Irish may be granted. In this regard my Department's Circular 12/96 for pupils attending recognised primary schools outlines the circumstances whereby an exemption from the study of Irish may be granted. Under the terms of this circular delegated authority to grant exemptions, within the conditions laid down, is vested in the school management authorities of recognised primary schools. This circular also describes the procedures a recognised primary school should follow in considering whether or not to grant an exemption. Where a school decides to grant an exemption the decision should be conveyed to the parent or guardian by way of a written certificate, signed by the school principal.