Tuesday, 5 November 2019

Questions (71)

Robert Troy

Question:

71. Deputy Robert Troy asked the Taoiseach the number of business births, startups, from the business demography statistics with some comparative EU statistics. [44213/19]

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Written answers (Question to Taoiseach)

Statistics on enterprise births are compiled by the CSO as part of its annual Business Demography statistics. Corresponding figures are compiled by each EU Member State.

A breakdown by gender of newly birthed enterprises, as requested, is not currently available, but work is under way by the CSO to develop this additional breakdown of the statistics for Ireland.

The most recent period for which Business Demography data is available is 2017. The following table sets out the number of newly birthed enterprises, annually between 2014 and 2017, in each EU Member State.

Number of Enterprise Births in the EU, 2014 to 2017

Member State

2014

2015

2016

2017

EU - 28

2,581,088

2,550,560

2,639,585

:

Belgium

39,070

41,102

41,157

42,745

Bulgaria

39,333

40,358

43,434

41,723

Czech Republic

93,360

85,645

90,436

94,755

Denmark

24,283

23,012

26,183

26,092

Germany

202,984

198,135

188,788

189,464

Estonia

8,631

8,512

9,066

10,594

Ireland

16,257

18,100

19,249

22,241

Greece

:

39,896

34,527

:

Spain

287,611

274,172

301,042

275,654

France

339,075

328,884

346,804

375,966

Croatia

11,411

12,185

12,856

13,358

Italy

274,489

279,132

296,906

276,889

Cyprus

3,375

4,510

5,386

:

Latvia

15,194

19,003

18,808

14,102

Lithuania

43,543

34,490

37,132

40,336

Luxembourg

3,134

2,989

2,891

3,103

Hungary

52,101

56,799

57,561

71,485

Malta

3,599

2,730

5,925

3,873

Netherlands

108,786

107,946

111,159

111,683

Austria

29,480

28,082

26,759

:

Poland

253,061

249,815

248,389

253,493

Portugal

117,201

130,156

131,651

138,318

Romania

70,912

79,496

74,387

80,251

Slovenia

15,158

15,154

14,884

14,813

Slovakia

86,672

53,899

49,776

65,814

Finland

22,210

18,811

19,153

28,586

Sweden

52,606

53,185

53,005

50,853

United Kingdom

316,540

343,550

371,370

345,445

: denotes that the value is not available

Note: An enterprise birth amounts to the creation of a combination of production factors with the restriction that no other enterprises are involved in the event. Births do not include entries into the population due to mergers, break-ups, split-off or restructuring of a set of enterprises. It does not include entries into a sub-population resulting only from a change of activity.

A birth occurs when an enterprise starts from scratch and actually starts activity. An enterprise creation can be considered an enterprise birth if new production factors in particular, new jobs are created. If a dormant unit is reactivated within two years, this event is not considered a birth.