I propose to take Questions Nos. 195 and 196 together.
My Department is responsible for controls on the export of military items from Ireland. Under Irish law, military export licences must be sought in respect of the export from Ireland of military goods and technology, and any components thereof, listed in the EU Common Military List.
My Department is also responsible for licensing the export of dual-use items outside the EU pursuant to Council Regulation (EC) No. 428/2009 setting up a Community regime for the control of exports, transfer, brokering and transit of dual-use items.
Military and dual-use items that transit through Ireland from other EU Member States, en route to their final destination, are subject to the export controls applicable in the Member State from where the goods are exported.
As regards military and dual-use items that transit through Ireland from non-EU Member States, such items would, in the first instance, be subject to the export controls in place in the country of export.
In addition, the transit of Dual-use goods from non-EU states would fall within the scope of Council Regulation 428/2009, and would require an Irish export licence.