I propose to take Questions Nos. 168 and 169 together.
Attached for the Deputy's information is data compiled by the Higher Education Authority on the qualifications, including PhDs, awarded annually in science and technology subjects between 1994 - 2017. The data set applies to universities, colleges of education and institutions such as the NCAD and RCSI. Data relating to Institutes of Technology applies to the period 2007 - 2017 with earlier data pre-2007 for this sector currently being compiled by the Department for transmission to the Deputy.